Me in 1975

My songs
Please note: All music videos are located on the Videos page.

My musical history Favorite artists Favorite albums In Memoriam Listening Links Ringtones 60s music Search MP3 Songs Videos

  Music has always been a big part of my life. I grew up playing many instruments for many years, and when I was in my twenties in the early 1970s I had developed into a jazz bassist and I studied at Berklee College of Music in Boston. Although I'm not actively performing anymore, music is still one of my first loves and I can often be seen listening to music with my earbuds in my ears (or wearing my Bluetooth cap). The only instrument I have now is a piano, which doesn't get as much attention as it deserves (my grown son, Ben, a very talented keyboardist, plays it when he visits). I have broadened my tastes beyond the jazz I loved so much at one time (see my current songs), but improvisational music will always be my favorite style, and jazz is the ultimate form of that because there are no boundaries to the influences on jazz musicians.

Listening to music is a very personal pleasure and I put music on my smartphone, because it is always in my pocket and I can listen to music anytime I want with earbuds that I keep in a case that holds my car key. Smartphone music players work very much like the iPod I used for years (most references to my smartphone on this page previously applied to my iPod). As far as sources of digital music, I am not happy with what is provided by those that think they can identify my listening tastes, like iTunes, Pandora, Spotify, and Google Play (they apparently don't really understand what makes certain music appeal to me) and I get my music elsewhere, including previously ripping songs from my own vinyl records. Sometimes I find a song I like on YouTube and I paste the link to it at YouTube mp3 (also a Firefox extension), where it is converted to an MP3 that I put on my phone.

I'm really enjoying a present from Patti, a Bluetooth cap that enables me to listen to music off my phone without earbud wires connecting to my phone in my pocket. Because this is a knit cap I guess this is only a cold weather option.

Studies & quotes...
A study of the neurological wonders behind playing a musical instrument showed enhancement in multiple brain areas.
(Interesting that my instrument, the bass, is shown in the example.)

"The inexpressible depth of music, so easy to understand and yet so inexplicable, is due to the fact that it reproduces all the emotions of our innermost being, but entirely without reality and remote from its pain. . . . Music expresses only the quintessence of life and of its events, never these themselves."  — Arthur Schopenhauer
"Researchers have scanned musicians' brains and found that the 'chills' that they feel when they hear stirring passages of music result from activity in the same parts of the brain stimulated by food and sex."  — Drake Bennett, Survival of the harmonious

My musical history

  We had a piano in our house when I was growing up in Payette, Idaho and I took several years of lessons starting at age 7, and in 6th grade I took up trumpet, playing in the concert and marching bands. Since I had a lot of drive and practiced diligently I was able to achieve the first chair position, which I held for three years. When I started high school band (9th grade), there were many older and more experienced trumpet players already there, so with my desire to always be the leader in the section I switched to French horn, which I played for a year. At the end of my freshman year the lead trombone player graduated from high school, so with an eye on that position I decided to switch to trombone. My older brother had played trombone before, so we had one at home, and by practicing a lot during the summer and playing in several outdoor concerts at the bandshell in the park, I got my chops in order and successfully achieved first chair trombone in the high school band in 10th grade. For reasons I don't remember the last two years of high school I was not in the band, but when I went off to college in 1966, I did what many of my generation were doing—grew my hair long, took up guitar, and joined a rock band. I was at the University of Idaho (majoring in Mechanical Engineering) and our band played at campus parties at fraternities and sororities and we once played at the local high school.

(After decades apart, in 2015 I reconnected with the lead guitar player in this band on Facebook, and he still remembered the name of our band, "The Creation.")

Discovering jazz
  At this point in my life I was really into flat-picking on acoustic guitar, emulating the style of Clarence White, who had a bluegrass band with his brother, Roland, named the Kentucky Colonels, and then he went on to play lead guitar in The Byrds (I saw this band in concert, before his untimely, accidental death in 1973). After hearing Kenny Baker, one of the best fiddle players around (and even playing with him at a bluegrass festival) I read that he and Clarence were influenced by Django Reinhardt a great jazz guitarist. I started listening to Django and violinist Stephane Grappelli (The Quintette du Hot Club de France).

In 1968 I had one of my first experiences with hearing outstanding, contemporary jazz performed live at a daytime concert in Seattle's Seward Park, the Charles Lloyd quartet:
I learned later that I heard some of the best musicians play that day. After this I started to listen to jazz more frequently and began experimenting with my own style of playing.

Studying music in college
  After several years of playing a variety of improvisational types of music on guitar, I started playing more and more jazz, and I decided that to better understand this complex music I wanted to study it in college. I was living in Seattle at the time but the school I chose was Berklee College of Music in Boston, one of the leading jazz schools in the country. I drove cross-country to Boston in 1973 (my 4th cross-country car trip) and when I started at Berklee I was asked if I would consider switching to upright bass because the school had an abundance of guitar players and a shortage of bass players. I made the switch, which turned out to be a good choice because acoustic bass players at school were always in demand. I studied at Berklee for two years under John Neves (he really taught me jazz bass) and John Repucci (very technical lessons, all with a bow).

The recording and touring bass players that I was most inspired by at that time were three bassists with very distinctive styles

Studying music greatly enhances one's appreciation and performing abilities, but it can also put you out of touch with the public's appreciation of music.
This priceless video says so much about the unenlightened views one encounters in life after a musical education.
Read the great comments on YouTube!

Live jazz in Boston in the 1970s

While I was at Berklee I went regulary to the local jazz clubs in Boston (sadly many now gone) including One of my favorite clubs was Debbie's (a small place on Merrimac Street in Boston's old West End neighborhood near Government Center) that had great local performers every night (I remember guitarist John Scofield was a regular there while he was going to Berklee) and big bands played on Monday nights (the only night with a cover-charge, something like $1). Occasionally well-known artists on tour like Pat Metheny and others would sit in with the locals. In addition to going to the clubs to see great live music I also saw a lot at school (Berklee) and the New England Conservatory, which had a great jazz department (2 of my apartment dwelling neighbors studied jazz there). One of the best concerts I ever attended was a duo of John Surman on sax (bari- and soprano-) and Miroslav Vitous on bass at the small, intimate Jonathan Swift's club about 1975 (this was in Harvard Square but has now closed).

Boston Jazz Scene
Boston's Jazz History
A Jazz Lesson — with a Distinct Boston Accent
Yogi Berra on Jazz – a delightful perspective!

Loft jazz
  My perspective on things has frequently leaned towards the cutting-edge so my taste in music ultimately evolved into the avant−garde style that was being performed in the 1970s in the jazz lofts (some photos). This very non-commercial style of music had a serious following among musicians and some fine recordings of it can be found on the Wildflowers series (this 5 record vinyl LP set, which I owned, is now on 3 CDs). When these musicians came to Boston, they usually didn't play in the well known clubs, but they did find that, like New York, Boston had a loft scene, and some of the best music I heard when I was in college was performed in the jazz lofts. In an Atlantic Monthly article, "Jazz − Religious and Circus," Francis Davis writes about how many of us viewed the 1970s as the "Golden Age" of jazz. Alan Douglas, who recorded the Wildflowers sessions, says, "I think the loft jazz period was the last time that significant changes took place in jazz."
Jazz Lofts: A Walk Through the Wild Sounds
Wildflowers - The New York Loft Jazz Sessions
Loft-y Sounds
Riversteppingstones - The New York Loft Jazz Sessions
The Wild Flowers - Wildflowers: New York Jazz Loft Sessions
Jazz fusion
Much of the jazz I listened to over the years was produced before I was into it so being a contemporary person my tastes evolved quite naturally into jazz fusion, a mixture of Jazz & Rock or Jazz & Latin music that took off in the 1970s. Some of my favorites in this genre are Miles Davis, Mahavishnu Orchestra, and Return to Forever (Chick Corea's group). Miles had great fustion bands starting around 1969, featuring some of the best musicians of the time, many who went on to have their own fusion bands.

These are my favorite fusion albums that I still listen to all the time (previously on vinyl, now on digital): See more below under Favorite artists and Favorite albums.

"Jazz − Religious and Circus" – According to this Atlantic Monthy article many of us think jazz peaked in the 1970s.
"Off the record" – Is jazz dead? I hope not. This 2002 Boston Globe article says with sales flat, the jazz industry may have lost its groove.

  By the end of the 1970s, although my interest in jazz remained very intense, my desire to play music for a living had lessened, so I basically reached the end of that pursuit. Jazz had always evolved and progressed in the 20th-century and I had assumed it would continue on this path, but it seems that it reached its peak around this time. My favorite jazz recordings were all done in the Seventies, as you can see if you go to the My songs page and see my listening choices.
  When my kids (who are now adults) became teenagers I was exposed to musical styles that I might not have discovered on my own, some of which were not even around when I was younger. My son Alex turned me on to Ska*, and in summer 2000 we went to a concert by Reel Big Fish, one of the top American Ska groups, and I thoroughly enjoyed it. I loved how a lot of Ska bands took previously recorded songs and did them in a Ska style. "Come On Eileen", a top-40 song by Dexy's Midnight Runners, was redone by the group Save Ferris (that name comes from the great movie "Ferris Bueller's Day Off"), and "Take On Me", a top-40 hit by the Norwegian group a-ha, was redone by Reel Big Fish.

  * Ska
"Ska is an uptempo, rhythmic variation based on the New Orleans R&B Jamaican musicians heard broadcast from the US on their transistor radios. Relying on skittering guitar and syncopated rhythms, ska was their interpretation of R&B and it was quite popular in the early '60s. However, during one very hot summer, it was too hot to either play or dance to ska, so the beat was slowed down and reggae was born."  — Wikipedia

Both of my sons have been actively involved in music. Alex took piano lessons for several years, and sang in a rock band in high school and college. Ben is also quite accomplished on piano (I love to hear him play when he visits). We have always enjoyed Broadway musicals when they come to Boston. We would buy the CDs of these shows and the boys grew up listening to this music, like Rent and Phantom of the Opera. Now that the boys have graduated from college and started their adult lives I don't get to hear them perform music, but I know it is in their genes to love it as I do.
  It may appear that I have abandoned jazz, but I prefer to think that I am just not actively involved at the moment. I enjoy listening to many styles of music (see My songs) but improvisational music will always be my most respected and enjoyable style, and jazz is the ultimate form of that because there are no boundaries to the influences on jazz musicians.

Since the early 1980s my creative energy has been consumed by writing computer code and though some might find it hard to believe, I get some of the same creative fulfillment as a programmer I received from being a musician. I have heard that these two interests involve the same parts of the brain (see Programming for more).

My songs
My stereo

Portable stereo
I remember having a little record-player when I was quite young. After I started collecting record albums as a teenager I knew I needed something better. I purchased my first stereo record player when I was in high school, a portable system with a fold-down turntable and detachable speakers. In 1968 in Seattle I heard a component system for the first time and couldn't believe that the records I had listened to for years had so much bass! I knew I had to have this so I started my first component stereo system that consisted of:
        (pictures I found online of my actual components)

Dual 1019 turntable

Tube power amp

Sony tape recorder

KLH-17 speakers

Solid-state receiver

Yamaha cassette recorder

Most of the music I listened to in those days was on record albums, and since I have always been very particular about what I listened to, if I got tired of an album I typically got rid of it so there would be no chance somebody requesting to hear it again.

I hauled my stereo and all my albums in my car from Seattle to Boston when I came here for school in 1973 (the KLH speakers were actually made in Boston and shipped to Seattle where I bought them, and then I brought them back to Boston). I had this stereo for years, upgrading many times, ultimately replacing the reel-to-reel recorder with a casette recorder and the tube amplifier with a solid-state receiver that had a radio tuner. As music became more digital most of these analog stereo components became discarded. Eventually listening to music became a personal thing and I got a Sony Walkman. I had this for a couple of years before I finally got into digital music with an iPod, which I had for several years until it was replaced by putting music on my Smartphone.

Vinyl records
  Like most people of my generation I collected vinyl record albums for years. My albums experienced incredible heat in a house fire in 1982 and were mostly warped beyond playable. Even though I had ultimately converted my music listening to cassette and then digital—for some reason I kept these albums for years and finally decided to get rid of them in 2015. Before trashing them I made a list so I would always know what albums I had owned. Here is that list of record albums. I was surprised that some of my favorite albums were not here when I made this list, so apparently I had purchased them as CDs. Many of the songs on these albums have been ripped to digital MP3s and put on an iPod and now my smartphone. I have heard the vinyl records are making a comeback, and when I left my turntable at the swap area at the "dump" (now a transfer station since the landfill is full) somebody picked it up as soon as I set it down.

Vinyl albums

Top of page

Favorite artists
  Although decades have passed, some of my greatest musical euphorias were experienced in the mid-1970s, at a time when I was studying music in college and I think improvisational music reached its peak. One of my favorite groups will always be John McLaughlin's Mahavishnu Orchestra (videos), and I am still totally amazed at how good they were. As a jazz aficionado I acquired an extensive collection of recordings by John Coltrane (in 2017 I was wearing a Trane t-shirt and somebody asked me if it was for the manufacturing company), and I spent many hours listening to Trane and other tenor players who were greatly influenced by him, like Pharoah Sanders, Archie Shepp, Wayne Shorter, Dewey Redman, and Sam Rivers.

Listed below are some of the people who have really moved me through the years. The musicians listed by instrument are jazz musicians; non-jazz musicians and groups are listed at the end. Some of the groups may no longer exist and sadly, some of the musicians have passed away (see In Memoriam), but I still want to list them here because they will always rank as some of my favorites. There are also some musicians listed below under 60s music. Photos of many of these artists can be seen at See videos by many of these artists at Music videos.

I have included a link to each artist's page at All Music Guide for the discographies, cross-reference links, and song previews.
(Periodically AMG reorganizes their website and some of these links stop working. I try to correct them when I notice this.)

I have links to some of the artist's videos on YouTube.
Click to see artist's video(s) on my Videos page.

   Reeds, flute
John Coltrane – tenor, soprano (vid)
Pharoah Sanders – tenor, soprano
Archie Shepp – tenor, soprano
Wayne Shorter – tenor, soprano
Dewey Redman – tenor
Sam Rivers – tenor, soprano, flute
Joe Henderson – tenor
David Murray – tenor
Hamiet Bluiett – bari
Oliver Lake – alto, soprano, flute
Henry Threadgill – alto, flute
Anthony Braxton – alto, soprano, flute (vid)
Joe Farrell – tenor, soprano, flute
Julius Hemphill – alto, flute
Hubert Laws – flute
John Surman – bari, soprano
Arthur Blythe – alto
Stanley Clarke (vid)
Miroslav Vitous (vid)
Dave Holland (vid)
Fred Hopkins (vid)
Alex Blake
Eberhard Weber
Charlie Haden (vid)
Sirone – some great photos
Victor Wooten *
Avishai Cohen (vid)
Chick Corea (vid)
Keith Jarrett (vid)
McCoy Tyner (vid)
Cecil Taylor – check out this Discography
Don Pullen
Muhal Richard Abrams
Bill Evans (vid)
Joe Zawinul
Herbie Hancock
Thelonius Monk
Miles Davis – trumpet (vid)
Charles Tolliver – trumpet
Charles Sullivan – trumpet, flugelhorn
Lester Bowie – trumpet, flugelhorn
Freddie Hubbard – trumpet, flugelhorn
Enrico Rava – trumpet
Bill Watrous – trombone
Maynard Ferguson – trumpet
   Drums, percussion
Billy Cobham
Tony Williams
Jack DeJohnette
Airto Moreira
Elvin Jones
Sunny Murray
John McLaughlin
Pat Metheny (vid)
     Pat Metheny video with Kenny G remarks (uses RealPlayer)
     Pat's initial message board comments – Go Pat!
     Message board thread on Pat's comments – This gets hot!

John Abercrombie
Allan Holdsworth
George Benson (vid)
Biréli Lagrène (vid) (his name spelled here with the French accent codes)
   Singers, groups, and others
Mahavishnu Orchestra (vid)
Milton Nascimento (vid)
Flora Purim   (married to Airto Moreira)
Art Ensemble of Chicago
World Saxophone Quartet
Return to Forever
Jerry Goodman (vid) – a virtuoso jazz fusion violinist
Richard Galliano (vid) – a virtuoso accordian player
Weather Report (vid)
Earth, Wind & Fire
Pink Floyd (vid)
Leon Russell
Electric Light Orchestra
The Byrds – here is a Byrds Family Tree someone put together
The Eagles
Tin Hat Trio
Béla Fleck & the Flecktones
Neil Young
Bob Dylan
Bill Monroe – the father of bluegrass music
David Lindley – I first saw him with his band Kaleidoscope at a rock festival in 1969
Clarence White – he played guitar for the Kentucky Colonels, then The Byrds
Bruce Langhorne – Bruce recorded with many artists in the mid-60s including Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, and Richard & Mimi Farina
Ian & Sylvia – great Canadian folk singers (vid)
Cleo Laine – a British singer with a huge range
Midori – she recorded Paganini's 24 Caprices as a teenager
The Lindsays – great Irish music
The Racky Thomas Band – I know Racky and I've seen him perform
Christopher Tin – composer
     Tin Works – good music all the time
Yma Sumac – a Peruvian singer with a vocal range of five octaves
Gabriela Montero (vid) – an incredible concert pianist who also improvises

Top of page

Favorite albums
  Most of my favorite albums were recorded in the early 1970s, when I was studying jazz at Berklee College of Music in Boston. At that time I was thrilled to experience so much really outstanding music, and the quality is so great I never get tired of listening to it. Though most of these albums are jazz-based, over the years I've listened to and loved a lot of music that is not jazz, like Bob Dylan, The Beatles, Pink Floyd, and Electric Light Orchestra (see My songs for what I listen to now), but improvised music with extended solos will always be my favorite.

All these albums have such musical virtuosity that decades later I still enjoy listening to them immensely—now "ripped" from the original vinyl recordings to digital and put on my smartphone. Click on the album to go to its page on where you can sample the songs.
Bitches Brew - Miles Davis (1970)
With Davis (trumpet), Chick Corea (keyboards), John McLaughlin (guitar), Joe Zawinul (keyboards), Wayne Shorter (sax), Dave Holland (bass), Jack DeJohnette (drums), Airto Moreira (percussion), and many others.
Extrapolation - John McLaughlin (1969)
An outstanding album with McLaughlin (guitar), John Surman (sax), Brian Odgers (bass), Tony Oxley (drums).
Mountain in the Clouds (aka Infinite Search) - Miroslav Vitous (1969)
With Vitous (bass), John McLaughlin (guitar), Herbie Hancock (keyboards), Joe Henderson (tenor), Jack DeJohnette (drums).
This album has some of the best jazz musicians of the time.
Native Dancer - Wayne Shorter (1974)
With Shorter (sax), Herbie Hancock (keyboards), Airto Moreira (percussion), and many outstanding Brazilian musicians.
Introduced me to Milton Nascimento, the great Brazilian vocalist, who just blew me away!
The Inner Mounting Flame - Mahavishnu Orchestra (1971)
With John McLaughlin (guitar), Jerry Goodman (violin), Jan Hammer (keyboards), Rick Laird (bass), and Billy Cobham (drums).
This was the best jazz fusion band of the era—too bad they only existed a few years.
The Lost Trident Sessions - Mahavishnu Orchestra (1973)
Another album by this fantastic group.
Where Fortune Smiles - John McLaughlin (1970)
With McLaughlin (guitar), John Surman (soprano/bari-sax), Karl Berger (vibes), Dave Holland (bass), and Stu Martin (drums).
Return to Forever - Chick Corea's group Return to Forever (1972)
With Corea (keyboards), Airto Moreira (drums/percussion), his wife Flora Purim (vocals), Stanley Clarke (bass), and Joe Farrell (reeds and flute).
I was blown away when I heard this incredible group.
Light as a  Feather - Chick Corea's group Return to Forever (1972)
Another album of this same incredible group.
Moon Germs - Joe Farrell (1972)
With Farrell (sax and flute), Herbie Hancock (piano), Stanley Clarke (bass), and Jack DeJohnette (drums).
The Joe Farrell Quartet - Joe Farrell (1970)
With Farrell (sax and flute), Chick Corea (piano), John McLaughlin (guitar), Dave Holland (bass), and Jack DeJohnette (drums).
Milton (Raça) - Milton Nascimento (1976)
With Nascimento (vocals and guitar) and really outstanding Brazilian musicians.
The Köln Concert - Keith Jarrett (1975)
This solo piano concert was recorded in Köln, Germany. (Read the bit about the wrong piano on the Wikipedia link.)
The encore, named "Part IIc" by Jarrett on the album, has been transcribed under the name "Memories of Tomorrow" in fake books used by many musicians.
Music Inc. - Music, Inc. (1971)
This is an outstanding album of great songs by an all-star big-band led by Charles Tolliver (trumpet), Stanley Cowell (piano), Cecil McBee (bass), and Jimmy Hopps (drums).
Dark Side of the Moon - Pink Floyd (1973)
Pink Floyd was one of one of the great British rock bands of the 1970s.
ELO's Greatest Hits - Electric Light Orchestra (1979)
ELO was very distinctive with synthesizers, strings, and the great guitar & vocals of Jeff Lynne.
While there is not a single one of their albums that stands out to me, this album includes all their great songs.

Now I listen to songs from many of these albums on my smartphone with earbuds.

Top of page

In Memoriam
  Sadly not every artist whose music I love is still with us. R.I.P. these fabulous artists and long live their legacies. Here are some of those who have passed on in my lifetime, many that I had the privilege of seeing perform live. These are primarily musicians but there are some composers and others included. The names are links to Wikipedia. Hover over name for more info.


Top of page

Listening to music
on playlists
  (Sorry—listenable music has been removed from the website for reasons explained here.)
  I listen to my music on my smartphone in playlists that I create in iTunes (I also access the music on my phone using Bluetooth on my car radio). These are smart playlists configured using iTunes columns Genre, or a specific value I put in an unused column called Grouping. Multiple values in Grouping will put a song on multiple playlists. Please note I use "contains" and "is" (equals) when validating stored values. Sometimes I just select Songs and put it on random play. I have an Android phone and use iSyncr software to transfer the playlists from iTunes to my phone.

Here are my playlists and the iTunes settings for each:

  • Added recently — the most recent 30 songs (Limit to [30] [items], Selected by [date descending])
  • Best Albums & ArtistsGrouping contains "Alb"
  • FavoritesGrouping contains "Fav"
  • Favorites - BestGrouping contains "Fav1" (these are also on the Favorites playlist)
  • FusionGenre is "Jazz Fusion"
  • Golden Age of RockGrouping contains "Gld"
  • JazzGenre contains "Jazz" (also includes Jazz Fusion songs)
  • Jazz - BestGrouping contains "Jzb"
  • MemoriesGrouping contains "Mem"

Carrying my earbuds . . .

Top of page

     Reference & reviews
All Music Guide – a highly cross-referenced database of music and musicians with sample cuts
Yahoo Music
ARTIST direct Network – a searchable music database with sample cuts
Jazzbo Notes – a huge database of pop music and musicians
Wilson & Alroy's Record Reviews – "We listen to the lousy records so you don't have to."
Restructures: Creative Music Forum – Artist info & discographies
Zookeeper Online – Stanford radio station KZSU music database
Songfacts – a searchable database of song information compiled by radio professionals and music enthusiasts
List of online music databases
AACM – Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians
Jazz Corner
All About Jazz
Smithsonian Jazz – very extensive
Jazz Online
Europe Jazz Network – Michael Wilderman's Jazz Photo/Graphics – The Jazz Journalists Association
Welcome to 52nd Street Jazz – reviews, discussions and news about the world of Jazz! - Freedom in Music – an avant garde music discussion group
Jazz Education: A Timeline – recommended to me by an after school class in New York
Montreux Jazz Festival
Festival Finder: Music Festivals of North America
Berklee College of Music
     Berklee Today – the monthly magazine
New England Conservatory of Music
     Purchasing sites
OmniTone – my favorite online CD store
CD Universe – this online CD store has song samples
Classic 45's – rare vinyl records on the web
Barnes & Music – listen to samples of selections on CDs they sell
     Assorted links – Aganaze is my brother's girlfriend
The Internet Beatles Album
List of Beatles' songs by singer
The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones 1962 - 2005
Innerviews® - Music Without Borders
One Hit Wonder Central
Am I Right – Making fun of music. One song at a time . . .
Lyrics Box
DOWNTOWNMUSIC.NET || photo gallery – artist photos
Second Hand Songs – find out who performed the original version of a song, or who covered it
Traffic jams – an article in the Boston Globe stating that [music] "releases chemicals that create a sense of happiness and well-being in the brain"
Playing for Change – a multimedia movement created to inspire, connect, and bring peace to the world through music
Wolfgang's Vault – where live music lives
The Genealogy of Pop/Rock Music – a really cool graphic
Play Me - I'm Yours – pianos placed on the streets in cities to be played by anybody!
     see on YouTube
Pay to Play – strict enforcement of copyrights jeopardizing live music in small venues
~The Music Room~ – listen to jukebox hits from the 40s through the 90s
The Jazz Photography of Richard Laird   Laird was the bass player in the Mahavishnu Orchestra
Discogs – Database and Marketplace for Music on Vinyl, CD, Cassette and More
Find the #1 Song on the Day You Were Born

Digital audio links

Songs of War in Vietnam – by Ike Pappas of CBS News
Download RealPlayer
     Windows Media 
Windows Media Player download
WindowsMedia Guide
Windows Media Player Solution Center
     Streaming audio (see Stream an audio file for more on streaming) – Nullsoft's distributed streaming audio links (see Internet Radio in Winamp)
SuperKeyword Jukebox
Jazz After Hours
Live Radio en Direct Tuner Virtuel - COMFM – Live FM around the world
KZSU 90.1FM Stanford University – see program schedule
KMHD - 89.1FM, Gresham, OR – Jazz 24 hours/day – KPLU - 88.5FM, Seattle, WA
KBEM - Minneapolis, St. Paul –
National Public Radio (NPR) Music
Top of page

  I love the freedom ringtones give you to personalize your cellphone, so when someone calls you know it is your phone ringing. You can even have different ringtones for different callers. Try to use ringtones as unique as possible so you immediately recognize them because you don't want to think your cell is ringing when someone else's is. There are many websites that allow you to purchase and download ringtones directly to your phone, but if you want a really unlimited selection you can make your own from any song on your PC and transfer them to your phone (see below).

Here are some ringtones I made from songs I like (I use Goldwave, a shareware audio editor). They are small segments of the original songs (hopefully this prevents copyright infringement)—some are the intros to the songs and some are instrumental sections I cut and edited—I didn't include any singing because I don't like voices on phone rings. I usually like ringtones that start softly and build so they are not startling when they go off. The ones listed here are typically 15-20 seconds long (saved as 96kbps and mono to decrease size) and they will loop on a cellphone so the end should segue into the beginning.

Click on a song to play it—to copy a song to your computer right click on the title and choose Save Link/Target As.

Dancing in the MoonlightKing Harvest (my wife Patti's ringtone)
House of the Rising SunThe Animals (my son Alex's unmistakable ringtone)
She's a RainbowRolling Stones (my son Ben's ringtone – Nicky Hopkins piano intro)
A Song For YouLeon Russell (my mother's ringtone—she often calls when I am playing tennis and I hear this coming from my tennis bag on the side of the court)
Gimme ShelterRolling Stones (great gradual crescendo at beginning)
That's the Way of the WorldEarth, Wind & Fire
Foolish GamesJewel (my friend Jim's ringtone)
In My LifeThe Beatles (my friend JoAnne's ringtone—producer George Martin's piano solo)
Shine On You Crazy DiamondPink Floyd (sometimes my default ringtone—I've never heard this on another cell)
WildfireMichael Martin Murphey (sometimes my default ringtone)
A Whiter Shade of PaleProcol Harum
Classical GasMason Williams
These DaysNico (Jackson Browne plays guitar on his song)
MacArthur ParkRichard Harris (Jimmy Webb plays piano on his song)
Darkness, DarknessThe Youngbloods (fiddle by Charlie Daniels)
Us and ThemPink Floyd
Embryonic JourneyJefferson Airplane (Jorma Kaukonen on guitar)
You Are The Sunshine Of My LifeStevie Wonder
Another StarStevie Wonder
Purple HazeJimi Hendrix
Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?Chicago
Wake Up EverybodyHarold Melvin & The Blue Notes
RhiannonFleetwood Mac
Beautiful DayU2
Hotel CaliforniaThe Eagles
DesperadoThe Eagles
That's the Way of the WorldEarth, Wind & Fire
Tiny DancerElton John
Betty Davis EyesKim Carnes
Handbags and GladragsRod Stewart
Maggie MayRod Stewart
Secret Agent ManJohnny Rivers
VenusShocking Blue
It's Friday I'm In LoveThe Cure
Stay With Me TonightJeffrey Osborne
Stayin' AliveBee Gees
Can't Get You Out Of My HeadKylie Minogue
Cause We've Ended As LoversJeff Beck
WildfireMichael Martin Murphey
Secret GardenBruce Springsteen
Thank UAlanis Morissette
A Fifth of BeethovenWalter Murphy
You Can't Always Get What You WantRolling Stones
I Can't Make You Love MeBonnie Raitt
Helplessly HopingCrosby, Stills & Nash

Memories of TomorrowKeith Jarrett (Part II C, from his album, The Köln Concert)
In a Silent WayMiles Davis (sometimes my default ringtone)
LiliaMilton Nascimento (from a live concert video)
LiliaHerbie Hancock (the intro to the song on the Wayne Shorter album, Native Dancer)
Stolen MomentsOliver Nelson
Waltz For NickyRichard Galliano
An Evening With Vincent Van RitzEberhard Weber (one of my favorite bass players)
TangariaRichard Galliano (extracted from the video)
IcarusPaul Winter Consort
PremonitionAndrew Hill
Theme de CelineArt Ensemble of Chicago
All About Love – Larry Dunn interlude on Earth, Wind & Fire album
On The NileMusic Inc.
You're EverythingChick Corea
Captain MarvelChick Corea
Return To ForeverChick Corea
The GatheringJoe Bonner (his intro to the Pharoah Sanders song)
Love Is EverywhereJoe Bonner (from his piano solo in the Pharoah Sanders song)
Samba da RuaArchie Shepp
Bass Folk SongStanley Clarke (his intro to song on Joe Farrell album, Moon Germs)
Phase DancePat Metheny
Funky TonkKeith Jarrett (from his solo on the Miles Davis album, Live-Evil)
Giant StepsMcCoy Tyner
Meeting of the SpiritsMahavishnu Orchestra
Celestial Terrestrial CommutersMahavishnu Orchestra

Chopin Waltz Opus 64
Moonlight Sonata – Movement 1 from this fantastic Beethoven piece
Caprice No 1: AndanteMidori (from her album, Paganini, 24 Caprices)
Pachelbel Canon in D
The SacrificeMichael Nyman (from "The Piano" soundtrack)
Eight Miles HighLeo Kottke
Somewhere Over The RainbowIsrael Kamakawiwo'ole
The Impression That I GetThe Mighty Mighty Bosstones
Sailor's HornpipeBill Monroe (Bill Keith on banjo)
Star Trek Communicator"Beam me up, Scotty."
Twilight Zone – the theme song from the TV show
Silent ringtone – I use this where my phone requires a ringtone (i.e email) but I don't want to hear anything

  There are several ways to put a ringtone from your PC on your cellphone:
  • You can connect your cell to your PC with a USB cable
    On a Windows PC you can use Explorer to copy it from the folder on the PC to the ringtone folder on the cell.
  • There are websites like that allow you to upload it then send it to your cell
  • One easy way is to email it to your phone
    If you send it to your text message address ( or whatever your carrier supports) it will be received as a multimedia text message.

Top of page

60s music   (find more 60s links on the Favorites page)
  Because I was a teenager in the 1960s, the music of that time played a big part in my life. Like many young people of that era I was in a rock band when I was in college that existed primarily for our own entertainment, although we did play a few gigs at fraternities and sororities on campus. and once at the local high school. (After decades apart, in 2015 I reconnected with the lead guitar player in this band on Facebook.) When I lived in Seattle I went regularly to concerts by the top West Coast groups of the day at the Eagles Auditorium.

  Sky River Rock Festival

In 1968 (the year before Woodstock) I joined 20,000 other "social revolutionaries, hippie communalists, psychedelic evangelists, musicians, and music fans" to attend one of the world's first outdoor rock festivals, a 3-day affair in a pasture near Sultan, WA, a small town Northeast of Seattle. My buddy and I had originally planned on staying for all 3 days, but woke up the first night in our sleeping bags getting wet when it rained, so we went home and commuted every day from our apartments in Seattle. Not every band listed on the poster showed up, but there was still a tremendous amount of great music. The performers who were there included the Grateful Dead, Santana, Youngbloods, Country Joe and the Fish, Big Mama Thornton, James Cotton, Dino Valenti, It's a Beautiful Day,, Sandy Bull, Cleanliness and Godliness Skiffle Band, John Fahey, Ramblin' Jack Elliot,and New Lost City Ramblers. One thing besides music that I enjoyed was Richard Prior doing a standup comedy routine.
Sky River Rock Festival and Lighter than Air Fair
Sky River Rock Festival
Festival photos
A 30-year review)

    In 1969 I went to Sky River II, which had a lot of the same bands as the year before and some new bands, and it didn't rain.

Sky River II
Festival photos

    More 60s music links...

    (many of the band links below are to Wikipedia for great info)

Monterey International Pop Music Festival – June 16, 17, and 18, 1967
A list of Haight-Ashbury era bands
Jimi Hendrix (deceased, 1970)
     UniVibes – International Jimi Hendrix Magazine
Janis Joplin (deceased, 1970)
Country Joe & the FishGimme an F!
     Country Joe's Place
Grateful Dead (Jerry Garcia deceased, 1995)
Moby Grape
Jefferson Airplane
     Jorma Kaukonen's Web Site!
The Doors (Jim Morrison deceased, 1971)
Buffalo Springield – members included Stephen Stills, Neil Young, and Jim Messina
Neil Young
Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young
The Yardbirds – Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy page all played for the Yardbirds
Steve Miller Band
The Byrds
Bob Dylan
John Mayall – band members at various times included Eric Clapton, Mick Fleetwood, and John McVie
The Youngbloods
     Jesse Colin Young
Dan Hicks and His Hot Licks
Jim Kweskin Jug Band
     Maria Muldaur
     Geoff Muldaur
     David Lindley – still touring!
     Chris Darrow
Crome Syrcus – a band I remember from my Seattle days
Ike and Tina Turner Revue
100 Greatest Psychedelic Songs – you can listen to these here

Top of page

Search for music

     Multimedia search engines
        These search engines allow you to search for songs on sites like mine (or like mine used to be). The results typically provide the ability to listen to songs from the sites where they are found. If the link to play the song goes diredtly to the song file, to save a copy of the song put the mouse pointer on the link and press the right mouse button, and from the context menu choose Save Target/Link As. If the link goes to a webpage or player and not directly to the song, you can look in your browser cache after the song has played and you may be able to copy it from there. Sometimes you have to rename it and put an extension (usually .mp3) on it.

Project Playlist
Soundflavor Music Search
Yahoo! Search - Audio
Mp3Realm - Mp3 Search
Real Seach
The MIDI Farm
     Peer-to-peer (p2p)
        These MP3 search applications, pioneered by Napster, allow you to find shared files offered by others using software that you install on your PC. They are the best way get your own copies of audio files, although the RIAA is forcing the government to crack down on this process (I had to stop sharing). Also, some are rumored to install spyware (hidden software tracking your web-surfing habits) on your PC, and you can also download viruses, so be cautious. If you do frequent downloads, it is always a good idea to run anti-virus and anti-spyware programs regularly to keep your system clean. Many of these are clients of Gnutella, a large open protocol distributed file-sharing network.

Napster – no longer does free file-sharing

Top of page

    songs below

"The real threat of MP3 music piracy—to listeners and, conceivably, democracy itself—is the music industry's reaction to it." — Charles C. Mann, The Atlantic Monthly

MP3 tips MP3 tools MP3 songs

RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America)
  The above quotation ("The real threat...") is from an article, "The Heavenly Jukebox", that includes a history of the MP3, which is one of the digital formats for music that has become very popular on the Internet. Because they are ubiquitous and you can download them for free, MP3s have the RIAA all freaked out. In 2001 the RIAA took peer-to-peer file-sharing company Napster to court and put them out of business, and in 2003 they started going after individual "major offenders", those who offered more than 1,000 songs to others for downloading (eventually this included me). The RIAA has the rather short-sighted view that being able to download MP3 songs for free will keep people from purchasing the CDs. MP3s actually provide a great way to sample songs before buying a CD, and people will continue to make purchases if the music is good. As far as MP3s being a threat to the royalty income the musicians receive from CD sales, according to the previously mentioned Atlantic Monthly article, if it exists at all this income is miniscule.
One of the biggest bombshells from the cross-examination was Pariser's [Sony BMG's the head of litigation] admission that the RIAA's legal campaign isn't making the labels any money, and that, furthermore, the industry has no idea of the actual damages it suffers due to file-sharing.  

This is from the testimony in the trial of a Minnesota woman which resulted in her being fined $222.000 for sharing music. It looks like the RIAA are even bigger idiots than imagined.

One can also be introduced to a new artist via MP3s, especially someone esoteric like Tin Hat Trio, who lacks the heavy marketing of the more commercial artists. I discovered them almost by accident (on a music system in Starbucks no less), yet I still purchased Tin Hat Trio's CDs, even though I knew I could download some of their MP3 music for free. Or suppose you have a song on a CD that you want to share with someone who lives far away from you. You can convert the song from the CD (rip it) to an MP3 file and send it as an email attachment, which may even encourage that person to go out and buy the CD, thereby increasing sales.

MP3 tips
Video to MP3 Extract Convert analog Shrink Create WAV Suppress prompt Stream ID3 tags
  I don't know where the MP3 litigation will ultimately end up, but in the meantime MP3s provide some interesting technical solutions. For instance, when I wanted to put a song I liked on a cassette tape to listen to in my Walkman (the old days), I could only locate it in the MP3 format (it was also made on 7" vinyl but I couldn't find that). To get my MP3 on tape I had to burn it to a CD, which I then played on a regular stereo system and recorded it to tape. For mobile music I use my smartphone now so I still convert many individual songs to MP3s from CDs or vinyl recordings (see Convert a record or tape) to load them.

As MP3 usage and the software to do things with them gets more common, some of the tips I put here are no longer needed, and I will try to keep this section up−todate. Many of these tips make reference to various software I use (names in green italics). See see MP3 tools for more on these.


Create an MP3 from a YouTube video
  I have several songs on my smartphone that I first heard as the audio portion of a performance on YouTube. I used to save the video then convert it to MP3 using software I have but then I found this website that does just that.

YouTube to MP3 Converter
Top of section

Extract a portion of a song and make a new MP3
  I have a CD by Return to Forever that has a great bass solo by Stanley Clarke on the the song Sometime Ago. I wanted to put this on my website as an MP3 (back when that was allowed), but the entire song is 23 minutes long, which would produce a rather large MP3, so I made an MP3 of just the bass solo.

First I created an MP3 of the entire song with the CD ripper AudioGrabber. Then the following steps were taken to create the extraction.
  1. Open up the MP3 in an audio editor (I used GoldWave).
  2. Locate and mark the beginning and ending positions of the portion to extract.
  3. Copy this portion to the clipboard.
  4. Paste it as a new song in the editor.
  5. Clean up the beginning and ending (trim, fade in/out, etc.).
  6. Save it as a new MP3 of just this extraction.
Top of section

Convert a record or tape to MP3
  Many of my generation have extensive collections of records and tapes, which can be ripped directly with AudioGrabber or LineRipper, converting analog to digital.
  1. Connect the headphone jack or line-out of the stereo system to the line-in of the PC's sound card.
  2. Play the song on the stereo and record in AudioGrabber on the PC, outputting as an MP3.
  3. Do any cleanup (trim, noise reduction, etc.) with an audio editor like GoldWave.
  4. If you want the MP3 to contain song info, update the ID3 tags.
After I have created one of these MP3s I sometimes find it necessary to reduce noise, primarily hiss. I listen to a lot of jazz, where the drummers use a lot of cymbols, and normal noise-reduction methods would remove some of this, so what I do is "Dolbyize" it in GoldWave, i.e., I increase the high frequencies with the equalizer, then slightly filter off the high hiss.
Top of section

Shrink an MP3 file
  MP3 is a lossy data compression format but the files can still get rather large. The size of an MP3 is directly proportional to its bitrate, the most common rate being 128 kbps. If I obtain an MP3 with a higher rate, even as high as 320, I convert it to 128, sometimes getting a huge reduction in size without any noticable deterioration in sound quality.

The easiest way to convert MP3 bitrates is using an audio editor like GoldWave.

    -- or --

You can do the following steps using Windows Sound Recorder.
  1. Create a WAV file from the MP3.
  2. Open up the WAV file in Windows Sound Recorder (look in Programs » Accessories » Entertainment).
  3. On the File menu select Save As...
  4. In the Save As window, locate the folder where you want to save the MP3.
    - at File Name: type in the name with an ".mp3" extension
    - at Save as type: select "All Files (*.*)"
  5. Click on the Change... button to open up the Sound Selection window.
    - under Format: select "MPEG Layer-3"
    - under Attributes: select the bitrate you want
    - you might want to save these settings under a name like "MP3" for future use (click on Save As...)
    - click on Save to close the Sound Selection window
  6. Click on Save in the Save As window to create the MP3 file with the above settings.
Top of section

Create a WAV file from an MP3
  The easiest way to do this is to open an MP3 in an editor like GoldWave where you can simply save it as a type WAV file.

But if you don't have GoldWave here is a more elaborate way you can do it using Winamp.
  1. Open the MP3 in Winamp.
  2. Click on Options » Preferences...
  3. Under Output, select "Nullsoft Disk Writer plug-in...".
  4. Click on the Configure button to direct the output to a specific folder.
  5. Close Preferences.
  6. Play the song (no music is heard).
    - it is best if you do not have Repeat set on
Remember to switch the Output in Winamp back to "Nullsoft waveOut plug-in...".
Top of section

Suppress MP3 download prompt
  If you are always prompted to Open or Save when you click on MP3s on websites and you find the checkbox for "Always ask before opening this type of file" grayed out, it is controlled by a registry setting.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Restrictions

If you play around with this (make it 1 or 0) you can enable the checkbox again and get rid of this prompt. Use caution when editing the Registry. Another factor in this is the default Action setting for MP3 files in Folder Options » File Types. There is more information on this at Microsoft Knowledge Base Article - 238723.
Top of section

Stream an audio file
  Streaming allows an audio file to start playing as soon as it arrives, rather than waiting until it is completely downloaded, which makes the size of the file irrelevant. It is fairly easy to set up. All you need to do is create a simple metafile, which is nothing more than a text file containing a link to an audio file on a server. Put the following line in the metafile and save it with an extension of .m3u (for MP3 files), .ram (for realAudio files), .wmx (for .wma files), .wvx (for .wmv files), or .asx (for .asf files).

    http://...URL-on-server.../audiofile.mp3 (or ./folder-name/audiofile.mp3 if on same server and even just audiofile.mp3 if in same folder)

You should replace any spaces contained in your MP3 filename with %20 (% plus the hex value for space) in your metafile link because URLs cannot contain spaces and some music players will not handle them. (Current browsers perform this substitution so it is unnecessary to do it on your webpage links.)

    http://...URL-on-server.../The Song Title.mp3   becomes   http://...URL-on-server.../The%20Song%20Title.mp3

Multiple audio files can be streamed in a single metafile with additional lines (this is generally referred to as a 'playlist').


On your webpage, link to the metafile file to produce the streaming. A metafile does not have to be on a server to produce streaming; you can play a metafile on your PC and it can stream from a remote server. The various protocols that can be used in metafiles are "http", "rtsp", and "mms". I haven't figured out which is used for which type of audio file so I tend to use "http" most of the time.

Here is a more elaborate way to code a Windows Media metafile script:

     <asx version = "3.0">
             <title>Song Name</title>
             <ref href = "http://YourWebServer/Path/YourFile.wmv"/>
Top of section

Save song info in ID3 tags
  ID3 tags can be used to store information about a song (artist, song title, album, etc.) and display it when the MP3 is played. Winamp is a good way to update these tags (right-click on the playing song in the Winamp playlist and select View file info...). Some players don't display this information when an MP3 is streamed. If you put the file info in the ID3v2 tag (I always update both the ID3v1 and ID3v2 tags) it will display in Windows Media Player during streaming.
Top of section

Interactively play music on webpage

  (Chopin - Waltz Opus 64)
  Here is the code for the above control.

  <audio controls src="songname.mp3" type="audio/mpeg">
    Your browser does not support the audio element.

Use the autoplay attribute if you want the music to play when the page loads.

  <audio controls src="songname.mp3" type="audio/mpeg" autoplay>
Top of section

 MP3 tools
  These are some of the tools I have used to manipulate MP3s. Some shareware/freeware may contain spyware, so use caution when installing them.
This great CD-ripper can also read analog input through the sound card.

This is a digital audio editor with a lot of features.

Set your iTunes music free—remove DRM restrictions without loss of sound quality—convert M4A and AAC to MP3.

This is a free audio editor that can rip CDs and record from line-in or microphone.

Streambox Ripper, or search Google for "Streambox Vcr Suite 2"
This older (freeware) release will convert Real Audio to MP3.

You can crop an MP3 with this little program.

Perform lossless volume adjustments with this free and open source program.

Record from stereo system (turntable, tape, radio, etc.) via the sound card, converting analog to digital.

Nullsoft Winamp
The classic MP3 player can output a WAV file, and also lets you update both ID3 tags.
See audio software reviews at The Sonic Spot.

Top of page
MP3 songs info & tips above MIDI files below I also have Videos

My songs – songs I currently listen to on my smartphone
Songs that used to be listed here

  For years I had playable MP3s listed on my website, until I received the following in an email from my web-hosting provider. I have complied to prevent my website from being shut down.

September 19, 2007

[We] recently received notice under Section 512 of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) alleging that the above website infringes upon copyrighted materials. We are asking that you remove all copyrighted materials and downloads from your website. Should you fail to act upon this notice within 24 hours we will be forced to temporarily suspend your account.

(read the entire email)

My songs
I have moved my website to another hosting company since receiving that threat, but to play it safe I am still not sharing music here, and it appears I removed these files just in time, because a week later I read this story about a woman who was found guilty of sharing music "illegally" and fined $220,000!

After receiving this email I emailed them back and asked if they could site some of the songs that were identified. Strangely, the ones they listed were songs that I actually ripped from vinyl albums that I owned (making me the legal owner), but most of the songs I shared were not acquired by purchases so I removed them all.

My music has always been one of the big draws to my website, so I am taking away something that people loved, and after awhile the music search engines will no longer show me having these songs, so I know the number of my visitors will decrease. I am still sharing ringtones, which I believe is still safe because they are only snippets of songs. Thank you RIAA, for improving the quality of our lives.

Top of page

MIDI files
  These MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) files are digitized, instrumental versions of the original songs.

La Fiesta (85kb) - Chick Corea
Spain (24kb) - Chick Corea
All Blues (39kb) - Miles Davis
So What (85kb) - Miles Davis
James (51kb) - Pat Metheny
Love Theme from Spartacus (23kb) - Bill Evans (more here)
Naima (6kb) - John Coltrane (the chord changes)

Don't Speak (59kb) - No Doubt
Stayin' Alive (35kb) - Bee Gees
Anji (3kb) - Paul Simon
Samba Pa Ti (51kb) - Santana
Ironic (43kb) - Alanis Morissette
When You're Gone (78kb) - the Cranberries
The Sign (35kb) - Ace of Base
Kiss From a Rose (31kb) - Seal
I Am the Walrus (25kb) - The Beatles
Here Comes the Sun (33kb) - The Beatles
Stairway to Heaven (47kb) - Led Zeppelin
Hotel California (72kb) - The Eagles
Desperado (12kb) - The Eagles
La Bamba (34kb) - Richie Valens
Whiter Shade of Pale (32kb) - Procol Harum
Another Star (113kb) - Stevie Wonder
Stay (43kb) - Lisa Loeb

The Impression That I Get (46kb) - Mighty Mighty Bosstones
The Simpsons (18kb) - theme from the TV show
Peanuts (21kb) - theme from the Charlie Brown TV show
Dueling Banjos (20kb) - from the movie Deliverance
Island Music (17kb) - Reggae, steel drums, etc.
Chip's Challenge (12kb) - from a game of that name
Dance of the Sugarplum Fairies (16kb) - from The Nutcracker
Dr. Gradus ad Parnassum (31kb) - Claude Debussy